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Strabismus (Slipped Eye)
Strabismus is defined as the misalignment of the eyes, that is, both eyes looking at different points at the same time. While the solid (fixed) eye focuses on the desired place to look, the other eye that is shifted is directed to a different place (outward, inward, more or less). Sometimes the slippage can happen in both eyes.
Strabismus prevents the eyes from seeing well. Because for good vision, both eyes must look in the same direction and focus on the object to be looked at, that is, binocular vision. Thus, single vision of the object, sense of depth, obtaining a wider field of vision and elimination of the blind spot that may occur are ensured.
The two eyes send two different images of the same object, which they perceive at different angles, to the brain and transform them into a three-dimensional perception in the brain. Thus, the object viewed is perceived as a single image with depth. Obtaining this result is a process that the binocular feature of the two eyes and the brain perform together. Therefore , since binocular vision cannot be achieved with one eye , a deep image perception cannot be obtained.
However, binocular vision is not an innate feature. This feature is a process that starts from birth and continues until the average age of 10. During this period, any problem that impairs the visual clarity of the eyes and/or the binocular relationship between them adversely affects this development. Strabismus is the most important cause that impairs the development of binocular vision. This problem should be treated up to the critical age threshold of 10 years. If this problem is treated before the age of 10, binocular vision completes its normal development. If it is delayed, binocular vision development cannot be achieved even if the strabismus problem is resolved.
Strabismus is one of the leading causes that impair the development of binocular vision. If these problems, which negatively affect the development of binocular vision, are resolved quickly, the normal development of binocular vision can continue until the age of 10, but if this is not the case, even though the problems are resolved after the critical age threshold is passed, the development of binocular vision is not possible.
Causes: Strabismus is seen in 2 to 4% of the population. Genetics, diseases during pregnancy, difficult, prolonged and premature birth, postnatal trauma, high fever diseases, high numbers of eye disorders, diabetes, systemic hypertension, muscle paralysis that move the eyes, thyroid diseases, eye and intracranial masses are the frequency of strabismus. increases.
Strabismus treatment: The aim of strabismus treatment is to preserve vision, bring the eyes back to parallel position and provide binocular vision. For this purpose, eye exercises, glasses, prismatic glasses, neurotoxin injection into extraocular muscles and surgery are performed.

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