HealTourkey - Organ, Tissue, Cell Transplantation (Transplantation)
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Organ, Tissue, Cell Transplantation (Transplantation)
 
What is organ donation?
Allowing a living or deceased person`s organs and/or tissues to be used for the treatment of other people is called organ donation. Therefore, organ-tissue donation takes place in two different ways: from living to living or from dead (cadaver) to living.
 
If the person donates his organs to people in need of his own free will, while he is alive, on the condition of completing the age of eighteen, this is called organ donation from living to living. For this procedure, it will be sufficient for the living donor to apply to any organ transplant center together with the recipient candidate to whom the organ will be donated.
 
Organ donation from a dead (cadaver) to a living person is called donating his organs to people in need after his or her own free will, without age limit, or for his family to do this on his behalf. Those who want to donate organs to be used after death should apply to the organ donation units of hospitals for this.
 
In order for the donated organs of a deceased person to be used in the treatment of other patients, organ removal surgery from a cadaver must be performed. These operations should also be performed under normal operating room conditions and according to normal surgical techniques. Thus, besides the success of the organ transplant, the body integrity of the deceased is not impaired.
 
What is an organ transplant?
Organ transplantation is the process of removing an organ from the donor body and placing it in a recipient body to replace a damaged/missing organ. Organs that can be successfully transplanted today are kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas, intestine, uterus and thymus . The most common transplanted organ is the kidneys, followed by the liver and heart. Today, the tissues that can be transplanted are cornea, musculoskeletal (bone-tendon), skin, heart valves, nerves and vessels.
 
What is organ rejection?
The body reacts (reacts) to everything that enters the body from outside the body and tries to destroy it. Microbes that enter the body are destroyed by this method. However, this causes serious problems when it is against a tissue or organ that should work and be used (tissue-organ rejection). Today, drugs have been developed to prevent tissue-organ rejection by suppressing the immune system. By suppressing the immune system, time is gained for the tissue-organs transferred to the body to be adopted by the body.
 
What are the transplant procedures that can be done today?
Naturally, all organs and tissues of a person cannot be transplanted with today`s medical facilities. The organs and tissues that can be transplanted are as follows;
 
Tissue Transplant
  • Cornea
  • Composite tissue
 
Cell Transplantation
  • Bone marrow/stem cell
  • Pancreatic islet cell
 
Transplantation
  • Lung
  • Kidney
  • Heart
  • Liver
  • Tissue
  • Small intestine
  • Pancreas